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宾夕法尼亚州立大学Suresh Canagarajah教授讲座预告

发布者: 发布时间:2017-05-16 浏览量:次



讲座题目:Globalization of English and Changing Definitions of Proficiency

主讲人:Professor Suresh Canagarajah



Abstract:Debates about testing international English have revolved around two important questions. They are: Whose norms should we adopt? How do we define proficiency in the English language? The answers to these questions have been dominated by positions belonging to two well-entrenched ideological camps that I would label the World Englishes (WE) perspective (see Lowenberg 2002) and the Standard English (SE) perspective (see Davies 2002). SE would argue that the norm for testing should center on one of the dominant varieties—standardized British or American English. WE proponents would contest the relevance of these exogenous norms for postcolonial communities with institutionalized varieties of their own, and would argue that correctness should take into account local norms. As for proficiency, SE proponents would measure it in terms of the “native speaker,” defined as the monolingual speaker from the homogeneous “inner circle” speech communities that have traditionally claimed ownership over the language. For WE proponents, proficiency means the ability to engage in meaningful social and institutional functions in multilingual communities according to local conventions. While scholars of both campus have been engaged in this debate, unknown to them the ground has been shifting under our feet. We find ourselves in a new geopolitical order with different communicative needs. What I call postmodern globalization rules the previous arguments irrelevant and calls for a more complex orientation that moves the discourse on proficiency to a totally different level.

In this presentation, I first introduce the changing social context and outline the new communicative needs people are faced with. Based on this context, I then describe the new orientation to norms and proficiency that should inform teaching and assessment. This means that we have to move away from the previous paradigms of teaching to creatively devise new practices that would address our emerging communicative needs.


Suresh Canagarajah,美国宾夕法尼亚州立大学Edwin Erle Sparks讲席教授,著名的后殖民英语教学理论和实践的倡导者,曾任TESOL Quarterly主编及美国应用语言学协会2011年会主席。著书八部,主编多部,在国际SSCI期刊Modern Language Journal,Language Assessment Quarterly,TESOL Quarterly,TESOL Journal,Journal of Second Language Writing,Annual Review of Applied Linguistics,Applied Linguistics Review等期刊发表论文五十多篇。

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